Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: The therapeutic relationship mediates the association between affirmative practice and psychological well-being among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer clients.

The article below may contain offensive and/or incorrect content.

In this study, we tested a conceptual model through which lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) clients' perceptions of their therapists' affirmative practices and the therapeutic relationship (i.e., working alliance and the real relationship) would correlate with psychological well-being. We hypothesized that the therapeutic relationship would mediate the relation between clients' perceptions of their therapists' affirmative practices and psychological well-being while controlling for precounseling distress, client age, client race/ethnicity, number of psychotherapy sessions, and therapist gender. A nationwide sample of 184 LGBQ individuals was recruited through the Internet. Participants ranged in age from 18 to 64 years old (Mage = 27.57; SD = 8.50), and the majority identified as female (65.8%) and White (77.2%). Structural equation modeling showed that participants' perceptions of their therapists' affirmative practices were associated with psychological well-being (β = .21, p < .01). Findings also indicated that the therapeutic relationship mediated the association between clients' perceptions of therapists' affirmative practices and psychological well-being (β = .34, p < .001, 95% confidence interval [.15, .52]). More specifically, practicing affirmatively was correlated with a stronger therapeutic relationship, which was associated with higher levels of psychological well-being for LGBQ clients. Hence, these findings inform and encourage advancements in LGBQ affirmative psychotherapy research, practice, and training. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)